Saturday, 5 December 2020

 Nationalities -English Grammar Lessons Guide

Nationality is a legal identification of a person in international law, establishing the person as a subject, a national, of a sovereign state. It affords the state jurisdiction over the person and affords the person the protection of the state against other states.

Nationalities - English Grammar Lessons Guide

Nationalities - English Grammar Lessons Guide

Forming nationality adjectives and nouns from country names is not always simple in English. Use the nationality adjective ending in -ese or -ish with a plural verb, to refer to all people of that nationality. The adjective listed also often refers to the language spoken in the country, although this is not always the case.

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Country: I live in Japan.

Adjective: He likes Japanese food.

Origins: She is a Japanese person. = She is from Japan. = She is Japanese.

Language: She speaks Japanese.

Describing a group: Spaniards often drink wine. = Spanish people often drink wine.

Describing a group: The Chinese enjoy fireworks. = Chinese people enjoy fireworks.

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In some cases, a nationality or regional noun may be negatively corrolated for some people, for historic or political reasons. When this is the case, many people will not use it, but will instead use a more neutral adjective + "people" formulation or "people from" + country name. This is the case for the examples with an asterisk below. Alternative formulations, less likely to give offense, are given in parentheses.

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Cities also can be transformed into adjectives and nouns, although they are highly irregular and the nominal form is not always agreed upon (there may be several). Some examples of transformed city names are below.

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